Emerald is the astrological gemstone of Mercury or Budh Graha as known in Vedic Literature. Emerald is a mineral gemstone and has hardness of 7.5-8 on the Mohr’s Scale. It has a Specific Gravity of 2.76 and is primarily known for its green luster.It is known as Markata in Sanskrit , Panna in Hindi , Emerald in English and Jamrood in Urdu.
Emerald gemstone belongs to the Beryl family of minerals and and has the chemical formula of Be3Al2(SiO3)6. Green color in emerald is by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium .Emeralds available in different colors of green from pale whitish green to dark green and yellowish green to dirty blackish green. These different shades of Emerald correspond to the four varnas or types of Emeralds that can be classified into.
Brahmin Varna - Emeralds that are whitish green or pale green in color belong to the Brahmin Varna. These Emeralds are suitable to be worn by those who are engaged in teaching , consultations and other spiritual practices. Wearing such whitish green colored gems makes the person very peaceful in nature and gives spiritual inclinations.These gems are also recommended for those involved in yog sadhanas.These gems are must recommended for astrologers.
Kshatriya Varna – Emeralds that have a deep greenish hue are known as Kshatriya Emeralds, that represent the color of the Durva grass. These gems should be worn by those who seek power and position as wearing such gems gives administrative powers. These gems should be worn by people engaged in politics, administration , bureaucracy , public relations and by those who occupy high positions.Wearing such Emeralds makes a person very active and they become go-getters in life. This is the one of the optimum shades for an Emerald to have and are highly priced.Such emeralds provide intense cooling effect to the eye due to their internal hue and luster.
Vaishya Varna - Emeralds that are yellowish green in color are the vaishya varna and represent the color of the parrot. These gems are suited for those involved in trade , business and those who are self-employed and own some kind of business or organization. These kind of gems should be worn by people who only seek to amass wealth and are primarily engaged with finances, commission, agencies and marketing /sales.Wearing these gems often gives instant money. This is the optimum shade for an Emerald to have and are highly priced.
Shudra Varna - Emeralds that are dark green in color with blackish tone are known as shudra varna and these gems are the cheapest amongst all the Emeralds. Such gems are worn by those who are engaged in some kind of service or to people who offer their services and talents on a professional basis.They must be worn by people working on a professional level and can also be worn by sportspersons. Wearing such Emeralds are very helpful for those who seek employment and require stability in life.These gems are relatively cheap.These Emeralds can also be worn by those who have Mercury conjunct Saturn/Rahu or Ketu.
Emeralds should be free from blemishes such as spots , milky webs, cracks , lack of luster and must not have extremities of color. Such gems fail to effectively transmit the cosmic radiation of Mercury and bring about undesirable results. Emeralds should be free from any defects and must have uniform color , good lustre , heavy in weight and must be appealing to the eye. A minimum of 1.5 carats is enough to be worn as per astrological reasons and the gemstone must be set preferably in gold.A gemstone of 2-3 carats is good and a Emerald of 3-5 carats is most advisable and sought after. Since Emerald is a mixed gemstone and governs the all 3 elements of pitta , vata and kapha in the body , Emerald can also be worn in silver. Primarily , for astrological purposes Emeralds from Columbia are the best.
Emeralds are primarly mined in South America , Pakistan,Russia,India and Eastern Europe. High quality and authentic Emerald gemstones are most auspicious and sought after.
Emerald should always be worn within 1 hour of sunrise on Wednesday on the little finger of the right hand. Alternatively it may also be worn on the 2nd or middle finger if such yogas exist within the horoscope.Emerald gemstone must always be worn if Mercury is favorable or benefic in the chart and is either exalted or placed in own signs or great friend sign and occupies a favorable navamsa. When such conditions exist , wearing a Emerald grants immediate favors and is very helpful.
On the contrary when Mercury is combust or occupies debilitation / great enemy navamsa or is conjunct Moon/Mars/Rahu/Ketu , deviod of rashmis then donation of Emerald greatly enhances the prospects of native and serves him good.