Ruby is the gemstone of the Sun or Surya Graha as known in Vedic Literature. Ruby comes from the family of mineral known as Corundum and has hardness of 9 on the Mohr’s Scale. It has a Specific Gravity of 4.03 and is dichromatic.Ruby is known as Padmaraga or one possessing the color of the lotus in sanskrit , Manik or Manikya in Hindi , Yakut in Persian , Chunnu in Urdu and Ruby in English. Ruby is also known as Ratna - Raja or the King of Gemstones , as it represents Surya who himself is Grahapati or the leader of all the 9 grahas.
Ruby mineral is essentially a compound of Aluminium Oxide (Al2O3) with traces of chromium which impart it the red color. Rubies are available in different shades from pinkish red to deep red , purplish red and dirty red. These colors also correspond to the four varnas or types of rubies that are available .
Brahmin Varna - Rubies that are pink or rosy in color belong to the Brahmin Varna and these are the ones that are truly known as Padmaraga or lotus colored in Sanskrit , since they resemble the color of the lotus flower. These rubies are suitable to be worn by those who are engaged in teaching , consultations and other spiritual practices. Wearing such pink colored rubies makes the person very peaceful in nature and gives spiritual inclinations.
Kshatriya Varna – Rubies that are dark deep red in color similar to the color of the blood are known as Kshatriya rubies. Such gems have very high prices since this is the optimal color for a ruby to have. These rubies should be worn by those who seek power and position as wearing such gems gives fighting powers. These rubies should be worn by people engaged in politics, administration , defence and by those who occupy high positions.
Vaishya Varna - Rubies that are crimson red in color or resembling the color of the seeds of pomegranate fruit or pigeon’s blood are known as vaishya varna. These rubies are suited for those involved in trade , business and those who are self-employed and own some kind of business or organization. These kind of rubies should be worn by people who only seek to amass wealth and are primarily engaged with finances.
Shudra Varna - Rubies that are purplish red or dirty red in color with no radiance or luster are known as shudra varna and these rubies are the cheapest amongst all the rubies. Such rubies are worn by those who are engaged in some kind of service or to people who offer their services and talents on a professional basis. These rubies must be worn by musicians & artists. Wearing such rubies is very helpful for those who seek employment and require stability in life.
Ruby gemstones should be free from blemishes such as dark spots , webs , sandy appearance , lack of luster and must not have extremities of color. Such rubies fail to effectively transmit the cosmic radiation of the Sun and bring about undesirable results. Rubies should be free from any defects and must have uniform color , good lustre , acceptable transparency and must be appealing to the eye. A minimum of 1 carat is enough to be worn as per astrological reasons and the gemstone must be set preferably in gold or copper.A gemstone of 2-3 carats is good and a Ruby of 5-7 carats is most advisable and sought after. Since ruby is a hot gemstones and governs the pitta or fire element in the body , gold and copper are very good conductors of heat and thus effectively transmit the energy of the gemstone.
Rubies are mined in Sri Lanka , India , Burma , south Africa and Tanzania. high quality rubies are rare and only rubies that are not synthetic or man-made should be worn for astrological purposes .High quality, certified , natural and authentic ruby gemstone are most auspicious.
Ruby should always be worn within 1 hour of sunrise on Sunday on the ring finger of the right hand. Alternatively it may also be worn on the 1st or index finger if such yogas exist within the horoscope. Ruby gemstone must always be worn with Surya is favorable or benefic in the chart and is either exalted or placed in own signs or great friend sign and occupies a favorable navamsa. When such conditions exist , wearing a ruby grants immediate favors and is very helpful.
On the contrary when Surya is debilitated or occupies debilitation / great enemy navamsa or is conjunct Shani / Rahu / Ketu , birth is on sankranti or surya is in eclipse then donation of rubies greatly enhances the prospects of native and serves him good.